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» بسته های زبان انگلیسی-هر انچه شما میخواهید ( 1393/11/3 )
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» خودآموز جامع زبان انگلیسی - نکات کاربردی در دنیای واقعی ( 1393/09/7 )
» خودآموز جامع زبان انگلیسی - آموزش گرامر کاربردی ( 1393/09/6 )

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  • تاریخ ارسال : 1393/03/1, 12:25
19
Incorrect:
Bram had a hard time remembering things, he always came to school with a sticky note list stuck in the middle of his fourhead.

Correct:
Bram had a hard time remembering things. He always came to school with a sticky note list stuck in the middle of his forehead.

Notes:
The important thing to note in the incorrect item above is that it is a run-on sentence (or comma splice). A comma alone cannot separate two sentences. An interesting exercise is to have students see how many ways they can fix the run-on. A few ways:

• Because Bram had a hard time remembering things, he always came to school with a sticky note list stuck in the middle of his forehead.

• Bram had a hard time remembering things.That’s why he always came to school with a sticky note list stuck in the middle of his forehead.

• Bram always came to school with a sticky note list stuck in the middle of his forehead because he had a hard time remembering things.

“Forehead” is the correct spelling.
__________________

20
Incorrect:
Aisha asked the telemarketer, “if she could call him back tomorow around dinnertime at his home phone number.”

Correct:
Aisha asked the telemarketer if she could call him back tomorrow around dinnertime at his home phone number.

Notes:
Quotation marks can be compared to a “bubble” in a cartoon strip.The bubble shows the words coming out of the cartoon character’s mouth. Similarly, quotation marks surround only the words a character actually says.The incorrect item above is an indirect quote. It tells what Aisha asked, but without using her exact words.The sentence could also be corrected this way: Aisha asked the telemarketer, “May I call you back tomorrow around dinnertime at your home phone number?”

“Tomorrow” has two r’s.

Incidentally, Aisha’s technique for dealing with telemarketers can be very satisfying.
__________________

21
Incorrect:
Oliver was upset this morning, because his little brother fed his homework to squeezy there pet Boa Constrictor.

Correct:
Oliver was upset this morning because his little brother fed his homework to Squeezy, their pet boa constrictor.

Notes:
“Because” is a conjunction that is not generally preceded by a comma. (The conjunctions that are generally preceded by a comma when they separate two sentences are “and,” “but,” “or,” “for,” “nor,” and sometimes “yet” and “so.”)

“Squeezy” is the name of a specific boa constrictor.Therefore, it is a proper noun that should be capitalized. “Boa constrictor” is the name of a type of snake, but it is not the name of a specific, individual snake.Therefore, it is not capitalized.

“Their” is used to show possession. It was “their” boa constrictor; it belonged to them.




ادامه مطلب
  • تاریخ ارسال : 1393/03/1, 12:22
16
Incorrect:
Iris ate icecream on the ice berg while the yak yakked about frozen Yogurt.

Correct:
Iris ate ice cream on the iceberg while the yak yakked about frozen yogurt.

Notes:
“Ice cream” is two words.

“Iceberg” is one word.

There is no need to capitalize “yogurt.”
__________________

17
Incorrect:
The scarred moose vamoosed disapearing behind the caboose.

Correct:
The scared moose vamoosed, disappearing behind the caboose.

Notes:
Some students may insist that the moose really was scarred in an accident, not scared. They could be right, though it is more likely that the moose is disappearing because it is scared, not because it is scarred. However, allow their argument. It’s good for them to see that small things like an r can completely change the meaning of a sentence.

“Disappearing,” however, definitely does need two p’s.

“Disappearing behind the caboose” is an ending element (a phrase) that interrupts the
flow of the sentence. It should be preceded by a comma.
__________________

18
Incorrect:
“Before you buy shoes for your pet millipede”, he said. “Consider the cost.

Correct:
“Before you buy shoes for your pet millipede,” he said, “consider the cost.”

Notes:
Commas go inside (before) closing quotation marks.

If a quotation is interrupted with a dialogue tag (“he said,” “she said,” etc.), the next part of the quotation should not be capitalized unless it starts a new sentence. “Before you buy shoes for your pet millipede, consider the cost” is a complete sentence interrupted with “he said.” Therefore, “consider” is not capitalized.

Quotation marks always come in pairs. One set is always followed by another.




ادامه مطلب
  • تاریخ ارسال : 1393/02/6, 17:44
13
Incorrect:
“I looked over the close in my closet and decided I’m going to wear to scarfs around my neck and one on my head, to,” said Tiffany. “Is that all your going to where?” gasped her mother.

Correct:
“I looked over the clothes in my closet and decided I’m going to wear two scarves around my neck and one on my head, too,” said Tiffany.
“Is that all you’re going to wear?” gasped her mother.

Notes:
The corrected sentences use “to, two, and too” correctly.

“Clothes” refers to what you wear. “Close” is what you do to a door.

“Wear” is what you do with clothes. “Where” is used to refer to a place.

In dialogue, a new paragraph begins with each change of speakers.
__________________

14
Incorrect:
The eye-catching float adorned with silver and yellow balloons. Carried a gigantic ice sculpture of a earthworm, the high schools mascot.

Correct:
The eye-catching float adorned with silver and yellow balloons carried a gigantic ice sculpture of an earthworm, the high school’s mascot.

Notes:
The two sentence fragments above can be turned into a complete sentence simply by removing the period.

Since “earthworm” begins with a vowel sound, the phrase should be “an earthworm.”

The mascot “belongs” to the high school.Therefore, an apostrophe is needed before the s.
__________________

15
Incorrect:
A skunk wandered through the neighbor hood and caused quit a scene when it ambled over to the busstop and crawled up on the bench.

Correct:
A skunk wandered through the neighborhood and caused quite a scene when it ambled over to the bus stop and crawled up on the bench.

Notes:
“Neighborhood” is one word.

“Bus stop” is two words.

“Quite” is the word needed above, not “quit,” which means to give up.




ادامه مطلب
  • تاریخ ارسال : 1393/01/31, 19:45

9
Incorrect:
After Lee took a break to walk his Iguana and pet his Python he went back to work on his marshmellow sculpture.

Correct:
After Lee took a break to walk his iguana and pet his python, he went back to work on his marshmallow sculpture.

Notes:
“After Lee took a break to walk his iguana and pet his python” is an introductory element (a clause).Therefore, it should be followed by a comma.

“Iguana” is a kind of lizard, just as “python” is a kind of snake. However, they aren’t the names of specific iguanas or pythons. If the iguana’s name is “Ethel,” “Ethel” is what should be capitalized, not “iguana.”

“Marshmallow” is the correct spelling.

10
Incorrect:
The mall closed it’s doors lifted into the air and flew off into space with a large and handsome truck stop.

Correct:
The mall closed its doors, lifted into the air(,) and flew off into space with a large and handsome truck stop.

Notes:
Never mind that the mall in this sentence is behaving in a decidedly peculiar fashion. It is doing three things, and those three things should be separated by commas.The final comma in a series is considered optional.

“It’s” is a contraction of “it is.” A test: substitute “it is” in the sentence to see if “it’s” is what is needed. If it doesn’t sound right, “its” should be used.
__________________

11
Incorrect:
Pleeze do not sneeze, or wheeze near there cheeze.

Correct:
Please do not sneeze or wheeze near their cheese.

Notes:
Annoying as it may be that all these words with an “eez” sound aren’t spelled alike at the end, they are not.

Should it be “there,” “they’re,” or “their”? “Their” is the word used to show possession. It is “their” cheese someone should not be sneezing or wheezing near.
__________________

12
Incorrect:
As Lionel was finally doing his laundry after letting it sit, in a heap for two weeks. He watched in horror as a mustard splotch on one of his shirts, unstuck itself and crawled out of the laundry basket, and down the hall.

Correct:
As Lionel was finally doing his laundry after letting it sit in a heap for two weeks, he watched in horror as a mustard splotch on one of his shirts unstuck itself and crawled out of the laundry basket and down the hall.

Notes:
Students commonly create sentence fragments simply by inserting a period too soon. Read aloud the first “sentence” so that students hear how it is left hanging and needs to be completed.

All the commas in the incorrect version are unnecessary. (An argument can be made for including one before “in a heap” for emphasis. In that case, a comma is necessary after “heap” as well.)

Some grammarians would point out that splitting the verb “was doing” with the word “finally” is not a good idea.They might leave out the word “finally” altogether or write, “As Lionel was doing his laundry, finally, he…” Others would leave the “finally” where it is.






ادامه مطلب
  • تاریخ ارسال : 1393/01/30, 18:05
9
Incorrect:
After Lee took a break to walk his Iguana and pet his Python he went back to work on his marshmellow sculpture.

Correct:
After Lee took a break to walk his iguana and pet his python, he went back to work on his marshmallow sculpture.

Notes:
“After Lee took a break to walk his iguana and pet his python” is an introductory element (a clause).Therefore, it should be followed by a comma.

“Iguana” is a kind of lizard, just as “python” is a kind of snake. However, they aren’t the names of specific iguanas or pythons. If the iguana’s name is “Ethel,” “Ethel” is what should be capitalized, not “iguana.”

“Marshmallow” is the correct spelling.




10
Incorrect:
The mall closed it’s doors lifted into the air and flew off into space with a large and handsome truck stop.

Correct:
The mall closed its doors, lifted into the air(,) and flew off into space with a large and handsome truck stop.

Notes:
Never mind that the mall in this sentence is behaving in a decidedly peculiar fashion. It is doing three things, and those three things should be separated by commas.The final comma in a series is considered optional.

“It’s” is a contraction of “it is.” A test: substitute “it is” in the sentence to see if “it’s” is what is needed. If it doesn’t sound right, “its” should be used.
__________________




ادامه مطلب
  • تاریخ ارسال : 1393/01/27, 18:03
7
Incorrect:
Who’s idea was it to allow students to ride skateboards in the hall.

Correct:
Whose idea was it to allow students to ride skateboards in the hall?

Notes:
Any sentence that asks a question should have a question mark at the end.

“Who’s” is a contraction of “who is.” A test: try substituting “who is” in the sentence to see if it makes
__________________

8
Incorrect:
A even-toed ungulate which is better known as a camel keeps the sand out of it’s eyes with 3 eyelids.

Correct:
An even-toed ungulate, which is better known as a camel, keeps the sand out of its eyes with three eyelids.

Notes:
“An” is used before words beginning with a vowel sound.

“Which is better known as a camel” is an appositive. It interrupts the flow of the sentence to give more information about “ungulate” and should be set off with commas.

“Its” is a pronoun used to show ownership or possession.There is no apostrophe in it.

Numbers smaller than ten are generally spelled out, not written as numerals. Therefore, “3” should be written as “three.”
__________________




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